Chevrolet Coolant Temperature Sensor

The Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor problem remains one of those issues that can mimic or lead you to believe other problems exist with the vehicle.

The perfect example is when this part sets a code P0128 in memory. The trouble code stands for coolant temperature below thermostat regulating temperature.

That's the official definition from my OBD II diagnostic code book. Retrieving this trouble code might lead you to believe it's time to replace the thermostat.

Quick Links: New ACDelco Professional 213-4514 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor.

This was a common repair back in the day, but not any more. Sure cars and trucks still need thermostats replaced once in a while.

However, it's usually on high mileage vehicles or ones with neglected coolant systems. I think they improved the manufacturing process on these moving parts.

This allows them to enjoy better reliability than the parts of the past. With that said, a quick search on the Internet might lead one to believe replacing the water pump will take care of the issue.

It's easy to buy into this type of quick diagnosis. Problems with the water pump and finding it necessary to replace the thermostat on high mileage automobiles remain a possibility.

However, if the failure is with the Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor, replacing the thermostat and water pump becomes a waste of time.

Location Diagram Chevrolet Coolant Temperature SensorChevrolet Coolant Temperature Sensor

In this short article we'll talk about how to determine the coolant temperature sensor is actually the problem.

Above you'll see the component location diagram for the coolant sensor. If you can find the number one spark plug boot you'll find the sending unit. Obviously, only remove the sensor on a cold engine.

If you leave the radiator cap on you'll lose coolant slowly. With the radiator cap removed it flows like a tidal wave. You'll need a 19 mm deep socket, but a 3/4 standard size also works.

In this article we're concentrating on the Chevrolet V-8 engine. This includes the 4.8 L, 5.3 L and the 6.0 L workhorse engines.

With that said, the coolant temperature sensor discussed in this post finds its way into many other Chevrolet, Buick and GMC truck engines.

Chevrolet Coolant Temperature Sensor Symptoms

First, let's clear the air. This particular Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor is not known for its extreme reliability.

This doesn't mean that every vehicle needs one replaced. However, few of these trucks will make it through its natural life cycle with the original coolant temperature sender.

What we also need to make clear is the symptoms associated with the bad Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor vary.

Let me use two trucks with this common malfunction, as examples of the varied symptoms.

The first Chevy truck was a 2003 Silverado with a 5.3 L V-8 engine. The customer complained the check engine light was on. The truck ran poorly and stalled occasionally at idle.

This vehicle set the P0128 for the engine coolant temperature below threshold. When I pulled the data stream up on my automotive scanner the coolant temperature read -30°F.

The current outside temperature read in the low 80s. I added a scan tool at the bottom that reads the data stream and coolant sensor data as well. Spoiler: It's under $30

New Chevrolet Coolant Temperature Sensor

If you can imagine the difference in the fuel mixture required to run an engine at -30°F than at 80°F then you can understand why this truck ran poorly and stalled.

Here's the point I wanted to make on this particular problem. This Chevrolet truck had a bad crankshaft sensor six months ago.

In fact, when the customer called me to set up the appointment they said they thought the crank sensor was going bad again.

On the second vehicle a 1999 Chevrolet Tahoe, the driver's complaint became a air conditioning system not cooling properly.

The owner also stated the engine cooling fan ran all the time on some days. The root cause of the issue pointed back to the Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor.

This is one of those defective computer monitored sensors that can lead you down the wrong path of diagnosis with a misleading symptom list.

Replacing the Chevrolet Coolant Temperature Sending Unit

Her's how to find the Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor. On both the V6 4.3 L Vortec engine and the 4.8 L, 5.3 L and 6.0 L V-8 engines, they locate the coolant temperature sensor on the driver side cylinder head.

On the V-8 Chevrolet models it's next to the number one spark plug. On the V6 models it's a little further back. Obviously, you should never attempt this DIY auto repair operation on a warm engine.

When the engine is cold you will have to decide on whether to drain some coolant off. Either way you need a catch pan under the vehicle.

When you remove the old sensor you’ll lose some Dexcool extended life antifreeze. If you can get the new part threaded within a few seconds, you won't lose that much antifreeze.

On the right is a scan tool that reads the Data stream. You can pull up the coolant temperature sensor and verify it's defective.

Note that both the factory installed Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor and the replacement part have thread sealer already installed on the threads.

The official size of the sending unit is a 19 mm wrench or socket. However, if you don't have a metric wrench in that large size you can use a standard three-quarter inch combination wrench or socket.

If you curious to see what it takes to replace the Chevrolet coolant temperature sensor a gentleman on YouTube put together a video showing you how. If you want to see what else we cover here on the fix my old ride website visit the home page.

Author bio : Mark is a retired ASE certified master technician, Chevrolet Professional Service Council member and the founder of Watch the video on the about Mark the mechanic page to see his credentials, awards and certifications for yourself. Mark hand writes all of the articles on unless indicated otherwise.